A virtual peeling experiment: a 1.6mm x 4mm piece of arterial tissue is modeled using 2560 discrete SPH particles / the tissue constitutive behavior is approximated as neo-Hookean / damage is modeled employing classic continuum damage mechanics with a macroscopic SPH failure criterion

Soft tissue failure under uniaxial extension: a 2mm x 2mm piece of arterial tissue is modeled via 400 discrete SPH particles / the tissue constitutive behavior is approximated using a new-Hookean/Holzapfel material model with one predominant fiber direction in vertical direction / as above damage and failure is modeled via a continuum/discrete particle hybrid approach

In vivo anterior mitral valve dynamics: a set of 16 radiopaque tantalum markers surgically attached to the anterior mitral valve leaflet of sheep was tracked over 4 cardiac cycles via biplane videofluoroscopy 

In vivo mitral annulus dynamics: as above tantalum markers implanted on the mitral annulus of sheep were tracked in space and time to study the motion of the mitral annulus